Minority Group

Posted: January 31, 2017

Introduction

The Hispanic people who migrate to America seek asylum for different reasons. However, one of the fundamental reasons why those above migrate to another country is the lack of economic stability in their native countries. The immigrants crossing the Mexican border to the United States of America risk their lives, but the hopes of having a better life in the U.S. motivate them to take the chance and cross the border. The majority of the Hispanics, once they reach the United States, assimilates to the culture of the American people, learns the trade, and acquires good paying jobs and also the education system of the country.

The Hispanic people are one of the largest minority groups that do exist in the United States. According to the research done by the United States Census Bureau, the number of the named group is tentatively 50.5 million (Ennis, Rios-Vargas, & Albert, 2010). A large number of the Hispanic people has led to numerous challenges that face them in the country. One of the biggest problems that these people face is the health. This paper seeks to explore the health status, the definition of the health promotion, and the health disparities that are dominant among the Hispanic population in America.

Aspect of Discussion

The Hispanic population in the U.S. is a low-income community. This implies that in the course of medical requirement, the Hispanic people are less likely to go and get medical assistance when compared to the non-Hispanic whites who have higher sources of income and can quickly obtain the health insurance. The latter often seeks medical attention when the illness is at chronic stage precipitated by the fact that they have low-level income jobs as a result of lack of professional skills. These low-income jobs such as maintenance and service industry do not offer them health insurance that they can use to get medical assistance. Health insurance in the United States is crucial in the sense that one can receive immunization, oral care, vision care and physical examination. In addition, the cost of living in the states is relatively high, making it hard for low-income earners to acquire healthy foods such as fresh foods and vegetables.

It is also worth mentioning that the Hispanic people are faced with various economic and social barriers that interfere with health, examples: language barrier make it hard for people of this minority group to explain to others the medical issues. Another significant obstacle to the same group is the low level of education among them or otherwise total lack of educational knowledge. This is attributed to the cultural affiliations of the Hispanic population which asserted that education had little value. This hinders them from understanding the aspect of health education which may be provided by the health workers regardless of the use of the same language. Hispanic being immigrants is also a barrier based on the fact that they feel alienated from the natives and that they do not deserve the same treatment as the other people.

Despite the presence of disparities in health, the patients bear personal responsibility to ensure that they are disease free. To put this into perspective, patients can address issues such as diabetes by exercising personal fitness such as walking and running. Such illness can also be prevented by reducing the amount of food intake. Health promotion in context is the process in which people are enabled to have control over and subsequently improve their health (WHO, 2015).

The status of health in the Hispanic community in the United States of America comprises 10.3% of the people of various age brackets in good or poor health. The lives births registered is 901,033 of the population. The male tobacco addicts who are above the age of 18 ranges at 16.7% and the female addicts of tobacco in the same age range is about 8.4%. The population of the Hispanic under the age of 65 without health insurance cover is about 30.4%. The deaths recorded per 100,000 of the population is about 301.9, and also the rate of mortality rate within the population is 5.25. In context, the diseases that cause the majority of deaths within the population includes; cancer, unintentional injury, liver disease, heart disease, pneumonia and also stroke among others (CDC, 2013).

The other disparities that the population faces is the delivery of the health care. This is the imbalance that occurs when some essential health resources that are required do not reach a particular group. Such disparities have been aggravated by lack of affordable health insurance as a result of expensive insurance co-payments and the increased cost of living among the people. Such disparities in resource allocation may include lack of enough nurses or physicians in the rural communities.

The health promotion approach that the Hispanic community can employ is the Social Environment Approach. This approach is way significant in addressing the case of lead poisoning among the children. The issue of the poisoning among the Hispanic community in the United States is a multi-dimensional problem which is way complicated when compared to the entire population in term of the cultural, social and environmental dimensions. As such, the Hispanic children have high percentage of blood with increased lead level presence contrast to the whole population in the community (Brown & Langoria., 2010).

In context, lead is one of very toxic substances which can get into the body system through ingestion or breathe dust particles that contain the same. This can result in complication such as lower IQ, behavioral effects and also neurological. However, health-related issues can be addressed to the parents through primary prevention by educating them on English and Spanish concerning the signs and symptoms of the disease. Secondary prevention such as screening is also eminent in addressing lead issue. Monitoring of the blood level is the tertiary prevention. In essence, if the blood level is high, patients need to seek medical attention such as assessing the damages caused which is followed by treatment.

Conclusion

The Hispanic population faces numerous disparities in relation with delivering health care as a result of the complexity of the culture. This is precipitated by the fact that although they are bound by a common language, the above emanate from different regions globally. This difference may lead to confusion among the health providers when addressing issues concerning them. However, the Hispanic face common barriers such as low level of education, cultural affiliations, lack health insurance and also a low level of skills which interfere with health. This may lead to early death of the Hispanics due to high risk of morbidities.

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